Symbols and marks

Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese is a product with the Protected Designation of Origin (P.D.O.), in compliance with the European norm contained in EEC Regulation 2081/92 and with the recognition by Regulation (EC) no. 1107/96. Cheese produced according to the rules contained in the Production Regulation is the only cheese entitled to bear the Parmigiano-Reggiano mark and, therefore, the wheel must display all the marks required for identifying and distinguishing the product. These marks are subdivided into marks of origin and grade selection marks.

Marks of origin

The marks of origin applied on the cheese wheel at the beginning of the production process are:
a) the marks printed by means of the stencilling band, placed entirly around the wheel, wich has pre-punched dots bearing the nscription "PARMIGIANO-REGGIANO", the identification number of dairy, the production month and year, the acronym "D.O.P." for the Protected Designation of Origin and the inscription "CONSORZIO TUTELA";
b) the casein plate applied on the surface that shows the production year, the acronym "C.F.P.R." and an alphanumeric code identifying each single wheel.

Parmigiano-Reggiano mark on wheel parts
The Consortium is the holder of the Parmigiano-Reggiano P.D.O. marks and is in charge of the relevant supervisory activities, including the correct use of these marks. For this reason, the Consortium identified and registered the mark, wich is a "cheese wheel and wedge with the inscription PARMIGIANO-REGGIANO on a blue background", as a visual sign of identification and recognition of Parmigiano-Reggiano in wheel parts.

Parmigiano-Reggiano
The application of the "PARMIGIANO-REGGIANO" mark identifies the cheese that was recognised as being of the first category (first grade - zero - one) during the grade selection test for the conformity to P.D.O. standards. The wheels having the market characteristics of the first category bear marks of origin (the dotted inscription, etc.) and the oval hot iron branded mark.

Parmigiano-Reggiano. Prima stagionatura
This name identifies the Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese that shows limited or medium-sized defects in the mass and/or rind structural texture, wich do not affect the typical organoleptic features of the product.
Besides the hot iron branded mark, a special mark consisting of parallel lines is stencilled all around the cheese rind.

Parmigiano-Reggiano EXTRA
It is the Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese that, after 18 months of maturation, has passed an additional quality assesment test upon request of the cheese holder.

Parmigiano-Reggiano EXPORT
Like the EXTRA mark, it is Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese that, after 18 months of maturation, is classified as "first grade" by the experts of the Consortium.

"GRATED" Parmigiano-Reggiano
The "Parmigiano-Reggiano" designation can be used to denominate the grated product obtained from whole wheels that comply with the standards established by the Regulation.

Parmigiano-Reggiano "IN PIECES WITHOUT MARKS"
The packaging of Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese into small-sized pieces prevents the cheese from bearing recognisable parts of the marks stencilled on the rind, therefore, it is subject to controls and to a specific agreement that envisages the application of the mark on the packs, similary to that of the "grated" product.